Are you curious about what you need to do to earn more than $15.000 a month, drive a Tesla, live in sunny California, and work at Google, Apple, Facebook, or Amazon?
Hi everybody! Like many others, I am a programmer from a developing country. Now I live in Silicon Valley and work for Google. I didn't have rich parents, I didn't have any special talents, and I didn't win a green card. In this article, I want to share the most useful tips on how to become a programmer, move to the United States, and get a dream job.
Step 1: How to Become a Programmer
There is a very widely held opinion that to be a programmer, you need some special skills, or better yet, a deep knowledge of Mathematics. It is complete nonsense, everyone can learn to program. Another common misconception is that everyone must have a passion for programming. It is better to set aside personal excitement, because programming is, in the first place, a way to make money.
Choosing a programming language
The main criteria for choosing a programming language: relevance and ease of learning. It is also important to consider personal preferences.
Programming languages and areas of application:
- Swift, Kotlin - Mobile development for iOS / Android
- Java - Backend and server applications
- Python - Machine Learning, Data Analytics, Backend and Web applications
The best option is video tutorials on YouTube. Of course, it is not enough just to watch videos, you will also need to do practical exercises. Online and offline programming schools are alternatives to video courses.
Do not entertain the fantasy that you can easily learn how to program in 3 months, most likely you will need about a year and a lot of patience.
Create your own project
Once you have the basic programming skills, it's time to put them into practice. Think of a simple project that you would like to use yourself and build it. Later you can mention this project in your resume.
Finding your first job as a programmer
It is important to start working as a developer as soon as possible, as this will accelerate your professional growth. The first thing you need to do is to prepare a resume based on the programming language you have learned and a personal project.
Next, you need to start sending out your resume massively on job board sites. You should be prepared to receive dozens of rejections. It is worth paying attention to internships - this is a great way to get your first real development experience.
You can't pass an interview without preparation. If you want to get an idea of what questions to expect. I suggest you to check out Devinterview.io It is a curated list of 3800+ full-stack, data structures, algorithms, and software architecture interview questions and answers for developers.
Career and work experience
You'll need to learn a lot of new things and write a lot of code over the course of your career. Don't be afraid to change jobs if you feel you are not growing at your current company. If you're not already in one of your local largest cities, it's worth considering moving to one of those locations.
Step 2: Getting a job at an American tech company
In general, American companies are not super interested in your work experience outside of the United States. For example, I sent hundreds of resumes and ended up with only three interview opportunities.
What you will need
English language. You need to understand what you are being told and be able to speak yourself, without these skills you cannot pass the interview. Grammar is not particularly important.
A university degree, preferably in Information Technology. Lack of a university degree greatly reduces the number of options. A part-time degree is okay, for example, my part-time degree was equated to a master's degree in the U.S.
Preparing for a job interview
In order to get an interview at a US tech company, you need to be good at solving problems on algorithms and data structures. To learn how to do this, you need to master the basic theory and practice a lot. This will greatly increase your chances of getting a job offer. Additionally, it is worth preparing for questions on agile skills and an interview on information systems design.
The strategy for finding a job in the U.S. is quite simple: check for new job openings at glassdoor.com every day and send dozens of applications. It does not matter which company you are going to move with, the main thing is to move because after you move you will start to be as actively invited for interviews as you would be in your country.
Additionally, you should pay attention to positions at European offices of American IT companies. After working in a European office for a year you can move to an American office.
Usually, in order to get an offer, you have to go through several rounds of interviews.
First, you talk to a recruiter on the phone. He will clarify the information from your resume and check your adequacy. If you are a good fit for the job, you will be scheduled for a technical interview via video call, during which you will need to solve an algorithmic problem. Then a technical interview at the company's office. You will have 4-6 rounds of algorithmic problem solving, information systems design, and agile skills.
Step 3: Life in the United States
If you have successfully passed your interview and if you have no problems with getting a work visa, you can pack your bags and fly to the USA.
To check out current salaries in US tech companies, visit the website levels.fyi. Senior developer salary at Google, Apple, Amazon, Facebook starts at $300,000 per year before taxes (salary + stock + bonus) or around $15,000 per month after taxes. Your salary will increase further with a baseline raise and new equity stakes.
US tech companies provide good health insurance for their employees, which covers most medical services.
Rental prices in Silicon Valley are around the following levels: a good one-bedroom ~70 m2 apartment will cost $2,000 - $3,000, a two-bedroom ~100 m2 will cost $3,000 - $4,000.
The US has very low-interest rates on loans. For example, you have $50,000, for that amount you want to buy a Tesla Model Y, but instead of buying the car with cash, you take a loan at 2.25% and invest the $50,000 in an S&P 500 ETF or Bitcoin. It's a pretty similar situation with mortgages.
Vacations and Holidays.
Typically, companies provide 3 weeks of paid vacation. The longer you work for the company, the more vacation time you get. It is worth mentioning that in the USA an 8-hour working day includes lunchtime, i.e. you must formally spend 8 hours at work, not 9.
The advantages of living in the United States (California)
- High income, even with rent and taxes.
- Virtually unlimited career growth opportunities.
- Great climate, sunshine up to 12 months a year.
- Almost no gloomy, bitter, or angry people.
- Beautiful nature, lots of national parks, variety of leisure activities.
- No sexism.
Thanks 🙌 for reading and good luck on your next tech interview!